1882-1907 林樂知 Young J. Allen ( (創辦人/Founder)

美國喬治亞州人,畢業於Emory University,1860年抵達上海展開宣教的工作,曾於上海廣方言館1教習英文及翻譯西書,並擔任《上海新報》編輯。1868年,創辦《教會新報》(1874年改稱《萬國公報》2)。其最大貢獻在於傳播西方知識與變法維新的思想。先生在中國近五十年,最重要的教育成就,即1882年在上海創立東吳大學前身之一的「中西書院」。1900年美國監理會決議合併其在中國設置的三個書院「中西書院」、「博習書院」及「宮巷書院」,創辦東吳大學,由先生擔任首任董事長。

 
Born in Georgia in the United States, Young J. Allen graduated from Emory University. In 1860 he came to Shanghai, China, to begin missionary work.  He taught English and translated books from English into Chinese at the Chinese government’s Education Department, and also worked as editor of the newspaper Review of the Times.  In 1868, he founded the Christian newspaper Chiao Hui Hsin Pao (the name of which was changed to Wan Kuoh Kung Pao in 1874).  Mr. Allen’s most remarkable contribution was  introducing and spreading Western ideas into China and promoting movements for modernization and democratic reform.  Mr. Allen spent nearly half a century of his life in China. His great achievement in education was establishing, in 1882, the Anglo-Chinese College in Shanghai (one of the three forerunners of Soochow University).  In 1900, The Methodist Episcopal Church, South passed a resolution to merge the three schools then established in China ─ the Anglo-Chinese College, the Buffington Institute, and the Kung Hang School ─ into Soochow University.  Mr. Allen was appointed to be the first Chairman of the Board.

 

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