【講座資訊】中研院民族所─A comparison of motivation and agency in the pursuit of personal aspirations
A comparison of motivation and agency in the pursuit of personal aspirations among students and young professionals in Beijing and Taipei
Dr. Désirée Remmert
European Research Center on Contemporary Taiwan, University Tübingen, Germany
Visiting Scholar, Institute of Ethnology
In my presentation I will compare how students and young professionals in Beijing and Taipei make life choices and pursue personal aspirations against the background of the distinct socioeconomic and political structures of the two locales. Even though the societies of China and Taiwan share important cultural values, they have very different historical trajectories that provide an ideal setting to research the impact that economic and political factors have on decision-making in young adults as well as the hopes and aspirations that motivate their life choices. Analysing these issues from the angle of social cognition, I will illustrate how China’s and Taiwan’s divergent political, economic and social settings affect young people’s sense of empowerment, motivation and perception of efficacy in achieving personal goals. Specifically, I will focus on the areas of education, career and intergenerational family relationships to illustrate how differences in personal independence and agency are rooted in China’s and Taiwan’s distinct state ideologies, economic systems and demographic characteristics.